Volume 1, Issue 2

Volume 1, Issue 2

May, 2018

Research Paper

1. Performance of Janani Suraksha Yojana on maternal health of Assam

The JSY is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) which focuses on reducing maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women. With the introduction of the JSY from the year 2005, there has been almost 22 times increase in institutional delivery in the State. However, improving the safe motherhood still remains a major challenge for overall improvement in the maternal and therefore child health in the State. This paper tries to study the maternal health scenario after the implementation of Janani Suraksha Yojana and also its impact on increasing institutional delivery.

Published by: Siddika BanuResearch Area: Demography And Population Studies

Organisation: Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, AssamKeywords: Janani Suraksha Yojana, Assam, India, Maternal Heath, Institutional Delivery.

Review Paper

2. Evaluate model based mutation technique to detect test cases error: A review

In this paper, we study how model oriented programming and Mutation testing used to analyze correct behavior of the system under the faulty data. In the previous time, many techniques have been proposed which perform testing automatically under the presence of faulty data in order to analyze robustness and efficiency of the system. The faulty test cases may affect the system testing which analyze system robustness and efficiency. In this work, the faults from the generated test cases will be detected so that automated testing can be performing in the more efficient manner and detect maximum number of faults in the system. Then, we recommend a set of mutation operators which are specifically propelled starting with these operations. By combining above two techniques fault detection in test case data can be done efficiently.

Published by: Jyoti Bhogwan, Tejal PatelResearch Area: Software Engineering

Organisation: Parul Institute of Engineering and Technology, Vadodara, Waghodia, GujaratKeywords: Software testing, Testing efficiency, Automatic test case generation, Mutation testing, Model-based testing.

Research Paper

3. Analysis of LGBT rights in India

This topic “Analysis of LGBT rights in India” has been a debate for many years. Before going over to LGBT rights, there should be an introduction as to who LGBT are and who comprises this community. The word ‘LGBT’ stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender. Earlier, these LGBT were referred as Gay community but later to include other types of homosexual people also, this was changed to LGBT. The research paper starts with a brief introduction as to what is LGBT and who are they. This is followed by a composition of them and their difficulties nowadays. The main issue then comes as to how did this issue become a concern in India along with 2009, 2013 and 2016 judgment were given by Delhi High Court and Supreme Court and their analysis.    

Published by: Ananya DasResearch Area: LGBT

Organisation: National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi, JharkhandKeywords: LGBT, Homophobia, Rights in India.

Research Paper

4. Pattern discovery in public node system with overhead optimization

Internet Background Radiation (IBR) is observed in empty network address spaces. No traffic should arrive there, but it does in overwhelming quantities, gathering evidences of attacks, malwares and misconfigurations. The study of IBR helps to detect spreading network problems, common vulnerabilities and attack trends. However, network traffic data evolves quickly and is of high volume and diversity, i.e., an outstanding big data challenge. When used to assist network security, it also requires the online classification of dynamic streaming data. In this paper, we introduce an Aggregation and Mode (AGM) vector to represent network traffic.The AGM format characterizes IP hosts by extracting aggregated and mode values of IP header fields, and without inspecting payloads. We performed clustering and statistical analysis to explore screen capturing with the AGM mapping. The discovered patterns allow building a video, which identifies phenomena that have been actively performed on screen. The AGM representation is light and tailored for monitoring and pattern discovery. We show that AGM vectors are suitable to analyze large volumes of network traffic: they capture permanent operations, such as long term scanning, as well as bursty events fromtargeted attacks and short term incidents.

Published by: Priyanka Kahate, Rajat Mahajan, Komal Kamble, Manisha ShendreResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: D Y Patil, College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Screen capturing, Network traffic, Traffic analysis, Chunking.

Research Paper

5. Under and over frequency Relay with automatic Power Factor Control using Arduino Uno

The aim behind the publishing this paper is to implement an incipient technology for power factor increment for a single as well as three phase inductive load, as power factor enhancement is necessary for domestic as well as industrial consumption of power & to bringing the value of power factor nearer to unity by avoiding the penalty from distributors. As we know the widely used motor in the industries are the conventional induction motors and induction motors exhibits the low power factor. The most of the household appliances which are generally used are too have low power factor. In today's advanced and globalized world the power is very paramount for the economic perspective. So we require ascertaining the factors reinforcing the power loss and amending the performance of the power system. Due to the industrial revolution, the inductive load is highly employed and hence the efficiency of the power system decreases. So the amendment of the PF with a felicitous method becomes necessary. The embedded technology always comes into forefront whenever there is a need to contemplating any programmable devices. Nowadays The embedded technology is at the pinnacle of popularity and hence many of the electrical and electronic appliances were designed with a microcontroller (ARDUINO) based embedded technology. In this paper, we are proposing Power factor amendment scheme utilizing capacitive bank with ARDUINO UNO.

Published by: Shivkumar Shrikrushna Chaudhari, Divya Arun Shirsat, Hiral Rajendra Patole, Trupti Laxman Kadam, Amit R. Mahire, Moysin D. ShekhResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino-Uno, Relay card, Induction Motor , Capacitive Bank, LCD, Power factor meter.

Review Paper

6. Engine exhaust system, emission and its control

In the modern era, Automobiles plays an important role in the transportation. Automobiles have various benefits but on the other hand, they pollute the environment. The main constituents are produced from the automobile engines exhaust are oxides of nitrogen (NOX), carbon monoxide (CO), and unwanted hydrocarbons(HC).These constituents are responsible for the pollution of the environment and also have the negative effects on the human life also on the ecosystem. In these reviews, study the various engine exhaust’s components and its functions which helps to convert the more toxic gases into less toxic gases. The various factors which are responsible for the emission of toxic gases in CI as well as in the SI engines and the various methods and techniques are used to control or to reduce these pollutants in CI and SI engines.

Published by: Murad AliResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: GNA University, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: Exhaust components, Oxides of nitrogen (NOx), Carbon monoxide (CO), Toxic gases, Hydrocarbons (HC), CI engines, SI engines.

Research Paper

7. Strength characteristics of structural concrete element using marble powder

Nowadays, marble is widely used in structures which increases the amount of waste that obtained from it. As marble powder is the waste product, obtained during the process of sawing and shaping of marble by marble rock, which contains heavy metals which make the water unfit for use. Marble powder creates environmental problems but due to a presence of high oxide calcium content, marble can be used as in the partial replacement of sand in the concrete mix.

Published by: Akash Singh, Sandeep Kumar Meena, Rahul Duhan, Shailender Singh TomarResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Northern India Engineering College, Shastri Park, New DelhiKeywords: Marble powder, Concrete, Compression strength, Workability.

Research Paper

8. A comparative survey study on current prescribing trends in proton pump inhibitors and H2 receptor antagonists among practitioners in private set up and tertiary care teaching rural hospital

Acid-peptic disorders affect 60 % population during the course of a year. Approximately 40% of adults in the USA have complaints of heartburn every year. The prevalence rate of GERD in developed nations is tightly linked with age, with adults aged 60 to 70 being the most commonly affected. As proton pump inhibitors and H2 receptor antagonists are by far the most commonly used form of acid suppression, this survey study was planned to gather detailed information about these agents from practitioners who frequently prescribe these medications. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 50 practitioners were included in the study; 25 from private set up and 25 from the tertiary care teaching rural hospital. The feedback questionnaire that contained various questions, related to the drugs used in acid peptic disorders, were distributed to find out the various indications for which consultants prescribed them, the frequency of use, choice of preparation, feedback on their use and any adverse effects that were noticed. Descriptive analysis was performed on all the variables to obtain the frequency and percentage followed by application chi-square test in order to find the significance and p< 0.05 were considered as significant. RESULTS: Most common indications for use antiulcer agents are gastroesophageal reflux diseases (76%) and peptic ulcer (22%). Proton pump inhibitors are preferred over H2 receptor antagonists. Parenteral preparations are used in the emergency. Ranitidine is administered intravenously more commonly than pantoprazole.

Published by: Dr. Heena Shah, Dr. Ankit GuptaResearch Area: Pharmacology

Organisation: Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Proton pump inhibitors, H2 Receptor antagonists, Acid peptic disorders.

Research Paper

9. Visual- cognizance to divulge scarcely moving objects based on local motion stabilization

Motion is one of the most important sign to separate foreground objects from background in a video. Using a stationary camera, It is usually assumed that the background is static while the foreground objects are moving most of the time. In practical, the foreground objects may show Scarcely motions, such as impulsive objects and sleeping persons. Meanwhile, the background may contain frequent local motions, such as waving trees or grass. Such complexities may prevent the existing background subtraction algorithms from correctly identifying the foreground objects. We propose a new approach that can detect the foreground objects with frequent or Scarcely motions. Specifically, we use a visual attention mechanism to deduce a complete background from a subset of frames and then propagate it to the other frames for accurate background subtraction. Furthermore, we develop a feature-matching based local motion stabilization algorithm to identify frequent local motions in the background for reducing false positives in the detected foreground. The proposed approach is fully unsupervised without using any supervised learning for object detection and tracking. Foreground detection technologies have emerged as an important research area with increasing popularity of computer vision and camera devises. This study proposes a method that can integrate arbitrary detection technologies to detect foreground in real time.

Published by: Sheela B. P, Dr. Sreepathi .B, Ashwini, Sushma PatilResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Rao Bahadur Y Mahabaleswarappa Engineering College, Bellary, KarnatakaKeywords: Object detection, Scarcely moving objects, visual, Local Motion Stabilization.

Research Paper

10. Maharashtra crèches bill, 2018 – Legal avishkar for governing effective functioning of crèches

In India, women make up 24% of India’s workforce. But only 5% of them reach the top layer, compared to the global average of 20%. Within South Asia in 2013, India had the lowest rate of female employment after Pakistan. In over two decades preceding 2013, female labor force participation in India fell from 34.8% to 27%, according to an April 2017 World Bank report. A majority of them give up their jobs or fall behind on performance during their ‘start a family’ period in life. When we think of the reasons for this imbalance, one major point seen is children. Over the years the concept has been this: if the mother works, the grandparents take care of the child. However, nowadays due to nuclear families this concept has been relinquished and a new concept of Crèches is evolved which allows a woman to leave her child in Crèches and work for getting her dreams come true. In 2000, 24% of women left their children in Crèches. Though such was the statistics in 2014 the percentage felled to 14% and thus keeping millions of women away from the jobs. Hence, this research project aims to explore the reason behind the decreasing preference of women to Crèches. The researcher has adopted non doctrinaire method of research and after interviewing 50 women employed in various sectors and 50 housewives who left their job for their children has found that the basic reason behind not leaving the child in Crèches is inadequate laws governing Crèches due to which they had various bad experiences like safety of child at daycare centre, non availability of Crèches in rural areas, non availability of trained staff, non availability of Crèches at workplace for women working in public sectors, non availability of facilities etc. Despite legal framework like Factories Act which mandates the establishment of Crèches in every Factory, Rajiv Gandhi National Crèches Scheme, Guidelines laid down by Hon’ble SC, Maternity Benefit Act etc the problem has reached monstrous proportions. The incidence in Kharghar, Mumbai in last November, where a 10-month-old girl was assaulted by a daycare center employee itself is the evidence of the inadequacy of legal framework. The reason behind such a menace is an absence of laws governing Crèches. Thus, this research project aims to draft new legislation for governing Crèches, looking back into bad experiences in the past, assessing the hidden barriers of present times, legal framework in India, finding out the loopholes in the present framework and proposing a legal solution in form of a separate legislation as a legal Avishkar to systematically deal with these legal barriers and bring uniformity in the provisions of Crèches and to penalize the violation of the same so that the women having children less than 6 years can keep their children in the Crèches freely in safe hands and can enjoy their fundamental right to work guaranteed by Constitution to the fullest extent.

Published by: Anagha PedgaonkarResearch Area: Law

Organisation: M P Law College, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Women in India, Crèches, Legal framework, Legal solution, Hidden barriers.

Research Paper

11. Sexual harassment: She is not a swing to ride

Sexual harassment continues to be a frequent phenomenon in the society. In every 54 min a rape is committed, in every 26 min a woman is being molested and in every 7 min, a criminal offense against women takes place.1 out of 3 women is sexually harassed and 38% of women face sexual harassment at the workplace. There have been 51% rise in sexual harassment during 2014-2015. 70% working women don’t report sexual harassment in India. And the bitter cup is that it can be done not only at the workplace but even in the four walls, public areas and online social networking etc. And it concludes that our daughters are not safe anywhere. Why is the situation not improving even after so many provisions? Although so many acts and laws have been framed still this x-rated and immoral act is not coming to an end. The apex court has also made many attempts to grasp the situation but then also the condition is getting worse day by day. The purpose of this paper is to put forward the obsolete reason for the constrained success of this problem. The reasons are that society doesn’t deem it as a serious problem, improper punishments are there, lack of awareness. So through this paper, it will be told that what are the loopholes and what are the solutions for the same and what are the women’s rights so that the situation can be improved in some way.

Published by: Muskan BangaResearch Area: Internet

Organisation: Banasthali Vidyapith, Vanasthali, RajasthanKeywords: Sexual harassment, Women’s rights, Loopholes, Statics, Data.

Research Paper

12. Low cost building an engineering approach

The present study represents various techniques and methods for minimizing the overall building cost as minimum as possible. Finally, we use the techniques of Cellular lightweight concrete blocks (CLC block), Earthen mud concrete block, Foam concrete, Precast members, and also the Planning is done using Critical path method (CPM)and Designing done by considering the orientation of site and climatic condition of that particular area.

Published by: Sachin, Mukesh Kumar Sharma, Inamul Haq, Sooraj, Mohd. Amir Khan, Vishal Singh, Maninder Kaur, InderjeetResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Northern India Engineering College, Shastri Park, New DelhiKeywords: CLC Block, Foam Concrete, Precast Member, Earthen Mud Concrete Block, CPM.

Research Paper

13. Removing duplicated files on cloud storage using map reducing algorithm

Cloud computing is a type of computing that relies on shared computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. This technique avoids the duplication of data in the cloud and stores each file only once. Initially, each file is divided into more number of chunks and using this chunks a hash code is generated to avoid data duplication. Map Reduce Algorithm is used for the compression of chunks and using this chunks a hash code is generated to avoid data duplication. The Two Thresholds Two Divisors (TTTD) algorithm was proposed to improve the duplication of data by controlling the chunk-size variations. The first and the most important step is the granular division and subdivision of data. For proper granularity, an effective and efficient chunking algorithm is a must. The chunking process may increase the performance of the system. By using this method each file can be uploaded to the cloud only once, so it reduces the redundancy of files in the cloud.

Published by: Fairlin Jenefa. A, Shajini. N, Geo Jenefer. GResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Ponjesly College of Engineering, Nagercoil, Tamil NaduKeywords: Chunks, Map reduce, Hashing, Data duplication etc.

Research Paper

14. Emerging trends in English studies in India: An overview

Though English emerged as a discipline towards the end of the nineteenth century, it has been the center of academic debates in the country of its origin. The rise of English studies is a process motivated by social rather than intellectual ends, with the discipline being promoted as uniquely suited to a mission of national cultivation. Then onwards, English has polarized its position on its function in education; from single standard language to recognition of varieties, from emphasis on writing to attention to speech, from dictionary definitions and grammatical rules to flexibility of usage, from canon of great works to open for no canon, from national curriculum to local syllabus, from single dominant cultural identity to multicultural differences and from national views of the subject to conceptions which are at once more regional/local and more international/global. India is one of the most important countries in the world as far as the development of English Studies is concerned. The issues discussed here are; alienation in the teaching of English literature; cultural baggage that the English literature carries; the need for introducing Indian Literature and reducing our focus on British literature; resisting mono-lingual and metropolitan bias by taking advantage of bilingualism and traditional culture in our approach to the practice of the discipline; lang-lit debate, so on and so forth. But few studies have paid close attention to understand research trends in English studies. Of course, research in English Studies is relatively a recent phenomenon. So it would be a fascinating study to analyze the different trends prevalent in English studies in India. One clear observation shows that there is a clear shift in research interest from literature study to language study. In this context, the present paper takes an overview of emerging trends in English studies in India.  

Published by: JyothiResearch Area: English Studies

Organisation: University College of Science, Tumakuru, KarnatakaKeywords: Discipline, Language, Literature, Research.

Research Paper

15. Aquatic resources of Samastipur: A morphological study

A field observation was conducted to point out main turning point of rivers of Samastipur throughout the Samastipur region in 2010. The investigation was laid out according to satellite images taken by computer graphic technology. Observations were conducted by a bicycle through various river channel of the river of Samastipur. Altitude and other remains of watercourse were traced out at every turning point otherwise it has high or low altitude. Investigation of turning point showed that turning point has remains of other watercourses. It was investigated that turning point on the Chhoti Jamuaari River at Pitojhia in Samastipur, turning point on the Chhoti Jamuaari River at Dholi near Tajpur-Samastipur, turning point on the Chhoti Jamuaari River at Fulbaria-Samastipur, turning point on the Chhoti Jamuaari River at Raipur-Sarairanjan, turning point on the Chhoti Jamuaari River at Khetapur-Sarairanjan, turning point on the Chhoti Jamuaari River at Musapur-Sarairanjan, turning point on the Jamuaari River at Kewta-Samastipur, turning point on the Jamuaari River at Basahi-Samastipur, turning point on the Jamuaari River at Varuna-Samastipur, turning point on the Jamuaari River at Indrawara-Samastipur, turning point on the Jamuaari River at Musapur-Sarairanjan, turning point on the Jamuaari River at Maniyarpur-Samastipur, turning point on the Budhi Gandak River at Singhia-Samastipur, turning point on the Budhi Gandak River at Dihpur-Begusarai, turning point on the Baya River at Vasdevpur-Samastipur, turning point on the Baya River at Patori-Samastipur, turning point on the Baya River at Andaur-Samastipur, turning point on the Ganges River at Pallvaiya-Samastipur and turning point on the Ganges River at Chamtha-Samastipur are flowing through remains of other water course. It is therefore concluded that serpentine watercourse of the river of Samastipur is due to remains of other watercourses.

Published by: Ghooran Mahto, Dr. Md. Nazim HussainResearch Area: Zoology

Organisation: Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga, BiharKeywords: Serpentyle form of river, Morphology of river, Aquatic resource of Samastipur.

Review Paper

16. Role of leukotrienes in bronchial asthma. How efficacious are leukotriene antagonists as compared to β2-agonist in the management of asthma

Asthma is a disease of the bronchial tubes (the “airways”) that typically presents with “wheezing”, a high pitched whistling sound heard during breathing, especially when breathing out. Asthma most commonly develops in early childhood, and more than three-quarters of children who develop asthma symptoms before age 7 no longer have symptoms by age 16. However, asthma can develop at any stage in life, including adulthood. It is clinically classified according to the frequency of symptoms, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and peak expiratory flow rate.[5] Asthma may also be classified as atopic (extrinsic) or non-atopic (intrinsic). Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that is characterized by activation of mast cells, infiltration of eosinophils, and T helper 2 (TH2) lymphocytes. Leukotrienes play a major role in the pathophysiology of asthma hence leukotrienes are considered to be one of the major targets for developing the antiasthma drug. In this article, different comparative studies comparing the efficacy of standard antiasthma drugs with anti-leukotriene agents have been reviewed. In conclusion, it is observed that anti-leukotriene drugs appear to be more potent than long-acting β2-agonists in treatment for exercise-induced and acetyl salicylic acid-sensitive asthma; but anti-leukotriene drugs are less effective than long-acting β2-agonists as add-on therapy in patients with chronic asthma and in patients who are not well controlled on the inhaled corticosteroid.

Published by: Dr. Ankit Gupta, Dr. Heena ShahResearch Area: Pharmacology

Organisation: Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Asthma, Leukotriene, Bronchial tubes.

Research Paper

17. Soil stabilization using human hair fiber

The main objective of this study is to investigate the use of materials, both biodegradable and non-biodegradable or waste fiber materials for enhancement of properties of soil in the field of research in geotechnical applications and to evaluate effects of the material. The results obtained are compared for the two samples and inferences are drawn towards the usability and effectiveness of fiber reinforcement as a replacement for deep foundation or raft foundation, as a cost-effective approach. Human hair fiber (HHF), a non- degradable material and is creating an environmental problem so its use in soil improvement can minimize the problem. Also, it is available at a very low cost. The main purpose of this research is to understand and investigate the variations in the strength of the soil using human hair fibers (natural fiber) as a soil reinforcing material.

Published by: Atul Krishna Thakur, Haris Sheikh, Abhishek Sharma, Jeetendra Ahirwar, Ajeet Rathee, Muhammad Manaur Ali, Yash KumarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Northern India Engineering College, Shastri Park, New DelhiKeywords: Soil stabilization, Sub-grade improvement, SPT, California bearing ratio, Atterberg’s limits, Human hair fiber (HHF)

Review Paper

18. A review on charging and discharging of solar cells

The earth receives more energy from the sun in just one hour then the world’s population uses in the whole year. The total solar energy flux intercepted by the earth on any particular day is 4.2×1018 watt-hours or 1.5×1022 joules. In fact the world’s total energy consumption of all forms in year 2000 was 4.24×1020 joules. In the year 2016-17 the gross electricity consumption increases to 1,122Kwh per capita. India rank in production of electricity is third while in consumption is ranked fourth. . The solar charger has regulation of current, voltage including voltage cut off services. In this paper charging and discharging of solar cells by using PV cell is reviewed .

Published by: Swati Pandey, Ganga Agnihotri, Navin ChandResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: Sri Satya Sai University of Technology and Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Solar panel, PV cell, Charge controller, Battery.

Research Paper

19. Comparison of eco-brick with normal RCC block

Eco-Bricks are a new class of building material which is made up of PET bottles and are filled with plastic waste. Sometimes sand is also used along with plastic wastes for construction purpose. This practice includes compaction of plastic waste into PET bottles and a little bit of sand for proper compaction and using these Eco-Bricks for small-scale construction purposes such as garden table and chairs, shelters, a small house, surface water tanks along with small amount of concrete. This paper basically gives us a summary of Eco-Bricks.

Published by: Prashank Singh, Nikhil Meena, Deepak Arya, Nikhil Tyagi, Aashish Malik, Tarushi SinghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Northern India Engineering College, Shastri Park, New DelhiKeywords: Eco-Bricks, PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate), Plastic waste, Small Scale Construction, Specific Gravity.

Research Paper

20. Modified drone used for rubbish off power transmission line

Generally, we have seen that on a transmission line having some unwanted material (like cloths, kites & dead birds) hanging on that. And they produced short circuit fault condition in the rainy season, i.e. abnormal condition on the transmission line. Due to this short circuit condition in power line has more loss happen and disturbances occur in the continuity of supply or expensive equipment may be damaged that’s why we are going to made modified drone to avoid the abnormal condition and increase the life span of the transmission line and also save the maintenance cost. So, we are going to solve this problem of the transmission line using this drone (dynamically remotely operated navigation equipment). We can control the drone by the flight controller. This has input-output terminals and 2560 microcontroller.  

Published by: Swapnil Gangaram Chaudhari, Sagar Narendra Chavhan, Shivkumar Sahu, Dipak Ramlal Badgujar, Mayur Chunilal Mahale, Amit R. MahireResearch Area: Power System

Organisation: R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino UNO, Light controller, ESC, BLDC motors.

Research Paper

21. Government interventions in supporting SME growth in Lira district, northern Uganda

Promoting economic growth without attendance to register business time, business education investment and non-gender based business growth is outrageous. The study sought to examine the role of Government interventions in supporting the growth of SME’s in Uganda a case of Lira District. Data were collected by use of the self-administered questionnaire in Erute counties and Lira Municipality. A sample of 167 respondents was chosen from the respondents and the response rate was 100%. Simple random sampling and stratified sampling was conducted. The study discovered that inadequacy of collateral security and struggle for financial resources come into view to limit the use and access to financial services. The finding indicates the correlations between entrepreneurship intervention and financial accessibility intervention (r = .628; p < .05) was relatively strong and statistically significant. The study recommended that Government should promote collateral security-free financial services to encourage entrepreneurs to access credit financing. The government organ charged with registration of business should promote online and decentralized registration. National budgets should prioritize investments in business education to promote business and entrepreneurship training. In addition, government and development partners should promote non-gender-based business growth to allow for participatory inclusiveness.

Published by: Marus Eton, Fabian Mwosi, Charles David Ebong, Dr. Benard Patrick OgwelResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Kabale University, Kabale, UgandaKeywords: Entrepreneurial interventions, Financial accessibility, SME growth.

Research Paper

22. Agribot- Multipurpose agriculture robot

In this project make a robotic vehicle on that vehicle place a water pump to spray chemical fertilizer. DC motor is used for grass cutting for this grinder blade is placed on the shaft of DC motor. 150 RPM gear motor is used for the motion of the vehicle. As well as to operate swing system. There are three sections, i) RF Transmitter, ii) RF Receiver and iii) Object Detection. At RF transmitter section four switches are used to operate the vehicle from the remote place. Also, RF transmitter section transmits the radio signal. RF receiver section is used to detect radio signal and by which operate supply of gear motor for the motion of the vehicle. IR module is used to detect object or animals which came in the way. The 12-volt rechargeable battery is used for the energy circuit. Here 12volt, 10watt solar panel is used for convert solar energy into electrical energy and that energy is provided to the rechargeable battery for charging.

Published by: Vishal Sudhakar Samudre, Vikas Prakash Patil, Vishal Subhash Patil, Akshay Brijlal Dhangar, Sagar Ishwar Saindane, Nadeem R. AnsariResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino-Uno, Relay Card, Induction Motor, Capacitive Bank, Lcd, Power Factor Meter.

Research Paper

23. Automatic staircase lighting using solar cell

With increasing demand for electricity in the society which mainly relies on conventional energy resources. The renewable energy is an alternative to save the pollution and electricity. This paper presents an automatic lighting on the staircase which reduces the wastage of electricity. This is achieved through the use of motion sensor on the staircase which triggers the light on and off. This project avoids the use of the converter, hence reduces the complexity and cost.

Published by: Ghansham Surendra Chaudhari, Kamlesh Rajendra Borase, Chetan Bhagwan Badgujar, Ramakant Pradip Goad, Bhushan P Patil, Nadeem R. AnsariResearch Area: Solar Lighting System

Organisation: R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Automatic staircase lighting, Solar energy, Motion sensor.